The Photosynthesis-Foliar Nitrogen Relationship in Decidous and Evergreen Forest of New Hampshire

TitleThe Photosynthesis-Foliar Nitrogen Relationship in Decidous and Evergreen Forest of New Hampshire
Publication TypeThesis
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMadison, C
Number of Pages26
Date Published2018///
UniversityUniversity of New Hampshire
CityUnited States -- New Hampshire
Accession NumberHBR.2018-04
KeywordsBiological sciences, Health and environmental sciences
Abstract

Biomass production in forests is a key process in the global carbon (C) cycle that is strongly linked to photosynthesis and related leaf traits. Spatially, relationships among leaf traits can vary as a function of climate, soils and species composition. As modeling approaches to estimate C gain improve, the need to understand variability in leaf traits becomes increasingly important. Here, we characterized the relationship between photosynthetic capacity (A max), foliar nitrogen and leaf mass per area (LMA) within and across species in northern hardwood and evergreen stands of the White Mountain National Forest in New Hampshire, a region that has been underrepresented in past leaf trait studies. Results were used to parameterize a forest ecosystem model (PnET) that has been widely used in the Northeast region to predict ecosystem C fluxes. Within all species, Amax was strongly and positively related to mass-based foliar percent nitrogen (%N). The observed relationship between foliar %N and Amax differed significantly from the previously used model parameterization that was based on leaf trait data from forest stands in Wisconsin, and was largely a function of differences in leaf mass per area. Using site-specific foliar %N and LMA to estimate Amax in PnET improved the estimation of GPP by 5.5% in comparison with GPP estimates derived from an eddy covariance tower.

URLhttps://search.proquest.com/docview/2058011640/abstract/5173123BED174E0CPQ/1
Thesis Type

M.S.

StartPage

26