Birds

The following bird list has been updated (2017; RT Holmes & TS Sillett) from Holmes, R. T. and G. E. Likens.  1999.  Organisms of the Hubbard Brook Valley, New Hampshire. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, General Tech. Report NE-257. 32 pp.

Codes:
Seasonal occurrence:

PR = permanent resident
SR = Summer resident
WR = Winter resident
M = Migrant

Habitat/Elevational Distribution:
R = ridge lines, high elevation, mostly coniferous forests
H = hardwoods and mixed hardwood-coniferous, mostly mid ele
E = edges and early successional vegetation in clearcuts
D = disturbed areas, rural residential, most near FS HQ and Mirror Lake
W = near water (Mirror Lake along streams, in wetlands and marshes)

Relative Abundance:
C = Common/abundant (found each year)
U = Uncommon (regularly occurring but in low numbers, often patchy distributiion
O = Occassional (present in some years; low abundance
V = Vagrant (includes accidentals)

Order Common Name Species Seasonal 
Occurrence
Relative 
Abundance
Habitat/
Elevation
Gaviformes Common Loon Gavia immer MI U W
Pelcaniformes Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias SR U W
Anseriformes Canada Goose Branta canadensis MI U W
  Mallard Anas platyrhynchos SR U W
  Ring-Necked Duck Aythya collaris MI U W
  Common Merganser Mergus merganser SR,MI O W
Accipitriformes Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura SR U D
  Osprey Pandion haliaetus MI O W
  Red-Tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis SR U H,E,D
  Broad-Winged Hawk Buteo platypterus SR C H
  Sharp-Shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus SR U H,R
  Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii SR O H,E
  Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis SR,M O R,H
Falconiformes American Kestrel Falco sparverius SR U D
Galliformes Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus PR C H,D
  Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo PR U H,E
Charadriformes American Woodcock Philohela minor SR U E,W
Columbiformes Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura SR C D
  Rock Dove Columba livia PR O D
Cuculiformes Black-Billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus SR O H,D
  Yellow-Billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus SR O E,D,W
Strigiformes Barred Owl Strix varia PR C H,D
  Northern Saw-Whet Owl Aegolius acadacus WR,SR O H,R,
Caprimulgiformes Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor SR V D
Apodiformes Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica SR U H,D,E
  Ruby Throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris SR U H,D
Coraciformes Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon SR U W
Piciformes Red-bellied Woodpecker Melanerpes carolinus SR O H,E
  Yellow-Bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius SR C H,D
  Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens PR C5 H,D
  Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus PR C H,D,R
  Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus SR C D
  Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus PR C H,D
Passeriformes Olive-Sided Flycatcher Contopus borealis SR O R,E
  Eastern Wood Pewee Contopus virens SR U H
  Yellow Bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris SR U R
  Acadian Flycatcher Empidonax virescens SR V55 H
  Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum SR U E,D
  Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus SR U H,D
  Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe SR C D,H
  Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus SR U H
  Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus SR U D
  Purple Martin Progne subis SR V D,W
  Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor SR C D,W
  Bank Swallow Riparia riparia SR U D,W
  Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica SR C D,W
  Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata PR C H,D,E
  American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos PR C D,E
  Common Raven Corvus corax PR U D,H
  Black-Capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus PR C H,D,R
  Boreal Chickadee Poecile hudsonicus PR O R
  Tufted Titmouse Baolophus bicolor PR U E,D,H
  White-Breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis PR C H,D
  Red-Breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis PR U H,R
  Brown Creeper Certhia familiaris PR U H,R
  House Wren Troglodytes aedon SR U D
  Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis SR C H,D
  Golden-Crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa PR U R
  Ruby-Crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula MI U H,D
  Eastern Bluebird Sialia sialis SR U D
  Veery Catharus fuscescens SR C H,D
  Gray-Cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus MI O H,R
  Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus SR U H,R
  Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus SR C H,D
  Bicknell's Thrush Catharus bicknelli SR U R
  Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina SR O H,D
  American Robin Turdus migratorius SR C D,H
  Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis SR U D,E
  Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum SR C D
  Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus WR O D,E
  European Starling Sturnus vulgaris PR C D
  Blue-Headed Vireo Vireo solitarius SR U H,R
  Yellow-Throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons SR O D
  Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus SR O D
  Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus SR O H
  Red-Eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus SR C H,D
  Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera SR V H
  Tennessee Warbler Oreothlyppsis peregrina MI C H,D
  Nashville Warbler Oreothlyppsis ruficapilla SR U E,D
  Northern Parula Parula americana SR U D
  Chestnut-Sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica SR C E,D
  Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia SR U R,H,D
  Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina MI U H,R
  Black-Throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens SR C H
  Yellow-Rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata SR U H,R
  Black-Throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens SR C R,H
  Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca SR U R,H
  Bay-Breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea MI U R,H
  Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata MI U R,H
  Black-and-White Warbler Mniotilta varia SR U H,E
  American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla SR C E,H,D
  Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla SR C H
  Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis SR U W
  Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla SR O W
  Mourning Warbler Oporornis philadelphia SR U E
  Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas SR C E,D
  Wilson's Warbler Wilsonia pusilla MI O D,E
  Canada Warbler Wilsonia canadensis SR U H,E
  Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea SR C H
  Rose-Breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus SR C H
  Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea SR C E,D
  Rufous-Sided Towhee Pipilo erythrophthalmus SR U E,D
  American Tree Sparrow Spizella arborea WR O D,H
  Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina SR C D
  Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla SR U D
  Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia SR C D
  Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii MI O D
  Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana SR U D,W
  White-Throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis SR C D,E
  White-Crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys MI U D,H
  Dark-Eyed Junco Junco hyemalis SR U H,R,D
  Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivales MI/WR O D,E
  Red-Winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus SR U W,D
  Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula SR C D
  Brown-Headed Cowbird Molothrus ater SR U D
  Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula SR U D
  Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinas SR U W
  Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator WR O H,R,D
  Purple Finch Carpodacus purpureus PR C H,R,D
  House Finch Carpodacus mexicanus PR U D
  Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra WR O R,H,D
  White-Winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera WR O R,H,D
  Common Redpoll Carduelis flammea WR O H,D
  Pine Siskin Carduelis pinus WR O H,D
  American Goldfinch Carduelis tristis SR,WR C/U D,H
  Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus PR C/U H,D
  House Sparrow Passer domesticus PR U D