Scott W Bailey

US Forest Service, Northern Research Station
Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest
234 Mirror Lake Road
North Woodstock, NH 03262
Telephone: (603) 726-8902
FAX: (603) 726-4851


Ph.D., Syracuse University, Geology, 1994
M.S., University of New Hampshire, Hydrology, 1984
B.S., University of Massachusetts-Amherst, cum laude, Geology, 1982

Professional Positions:
  • Adjunct Faculty, Virginia Tech, Dept. Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation (2014-present)
  • Geologist, US Forest Service, Northern Research Station, Durham, New Hampshire (1991-present)
  • Research Assistant, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Syracuse University (1990-1991)
  • Senior Geologist, Manager of Aquatic Systems Division, IEP, Inc., Northborough, Massachusetts (1987-1989)
  • Associate Geologist, IEP, Inc., Northborough, Massachusetts (1984-1987)
  • Research Assistant, Water Resources Research Center, Durham, New Hampshire (1983-1984)

  • Research Interests and Activities:
    I am broadly interested in the influence of substrate, including soils, geologic parent-materials, landforms, and water, on the structure and function of ecosystems. Current research includes (1) watershed mass balance and retrospective soil monitoring to determine temporal dynamics of forest soil chemistry, (2) mineral weathering in forest soils and watersheds, (3) feedbacks between soil development and hillslope hydrology (hydropedology), and (4) the role of seepage and fractured-rock groundwater discharge as hot spots in nutrient cycling and biodiversity. Current projects range in location from the Catskill Mountains in New York to the Chic-Choc Mountains in Quebec, with a special emphasis on the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest.

    Distinguished Awards and Memberships:
    American Geophysical Union, Soil Science Society of America, New England Botanical Club

    Selected Publications:

    Bourgault, Rebecca R.; Ross, Donald S.; Bailey, Scott W. 2015. Chemical and morphological distinctions between vertical and lateral podzolization at Hubbard Brook. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 79(2): 428-439.
    Gillin, Cody P.; Bailey, Scott W.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Prisley, Stephen P. 2015. Evaluation of lidar-derived DEMs through terrain analysis and field comparison. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing. 81(5): 387-396.
    Gannon, John P.; Bailey, Scott W.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Shanley, James B. 2015. Flushing of distal hillslopes as an alternative source of stream dissolved organic carbon in a headwater catchment. Water Resources Research. 51: 8114-8128.
    Villars, Thomas R.; Bailey, Scott W.; Ross, Donald S. 2015. Four soil orders on a Vermont mountaintop-one-third of the world`s soil orders in a 2500-square-meter research plot. Soil Horizons. 56(6): 1-5.
    Ross, D.S.; Bailey, S.W.; Briggs, R.D.; Curry, J.; Fernandez, I.J.; Fredriksen, G.; Goodale, C.L.; Hazlett, P.W.; Heine, P.R.; Johnson, C.E.; Larson, J.T.; Lawrence, G.B.; Kolka, R.K.; Ouimet, R.; Pare, D.; Richter, D. deB.; Schirmer, C.D.; Warby, R.A. 2015. Inter-laboratory variation in the chemical analysis of acidic forest soil reference samples from eastern North America. Ecosphere. 6(5): 73.
    Long, Robert P.; Bailey, Scott W.; Horsley, Stephen B.; Hall, Thomas J.; Swistock, Bryan R.; DeWalle, David R. 2015. Long-term effects of forest liming on soil, soil leachate, and foliage chemistry in northern Pennsylvania. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 79(4): 1223-1236.
    Gillin, Cody P.; Bailey, Scott W.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Gannon, John P. 2015. Mapping of hydropedologic spatial patterns in a steep headwater catchment. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 79(2): 440-453.
    Bailey, Scott W.; Hoy, Joann; Cogbill, Charles V. 2015. Vascular flora and geoecology of Mont de la Table, Gaspesie, Quebec. Rhodora. 117(969): 1-40. Wexler, Sarah K.; Goodale, Christine L.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Bailey, Scott W.; Groffman, Peter M. 2014. Isotopic signals of summer denitrification in a northern hardwood forested catchment. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(46): 16413-16418.
    McGuire, Kevin J.; Torgersen, Christian E.; Likens, Gene E.; Buso, Donald C.; Lowe, Winsor H.; Bailey, Scott W. 2014. Network analysis reveals multiscale controls on streamwater chemistry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 111(19): 7030-7035.
    Gannon, John P.; Bailey, Scott W.; McGuire, Kevin J. 2014. Organizing groundwater regimes and response thresholds by soils: A framework for understanding runoff generation in a headwater catchment. Water Resources Research. 50(11): 8403-8419.
    Morse, J.L.; Werner, S.F.; Gillin, C.P.; Goodale, C.L.; Bailey, S.W.; McGuire, K.J.; Groffman, P.M. 2014. Searching for biogeochemical hot spots in three dimensions: soil C and N cycling in hydropedologic settings in a northern hardwood forest. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences. 119(8): 1596-1607.
    Zimmer, Margaret A.; Bailey, Scott W.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Bullen, Thomas D. 2013. Fine scale variations of surface water chemistry in an ephemeral to perennial drainage network. Hydrological Processes. 27(24): 3438-3451.
    Bailey, Scott W.; Brousseau, Patricia A.; McGuire, Kevin J.; Ross, Donald S. 2014. Influence of landscape position and transient water table on soil development and carbon distribution in a steep, headwater catchment. Geoderma. 226-227: 279-289.

    Hallett RA, Bailey SW, Horsley SB, and Long RP. 2006. Influence of nutrition and stress on sugar maple at a regional scale. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 36:2235-2246.

    Shanley JB, Mayer B, Michel RL, Mitchell MJ, Bailey SW, and Kendall C. 2005. Tracing sources of streamwater sulfate during snowmelt using S and O isotope ratios of sulfate and 35S activity. Biogeochemistry 76:161-185.

    Bullen TD, and Bailey SW. 2005. Identifying calcium sources at an acid deposition-impacted spruce forest: a strontium isotope, alkaline earth element multi-tracer approach. Biogeochemistry. 74:63-99.

    Lovett GM, Likens GE, Buso DC, Driscoll CT, and Bailey SW. 2005. The biogeochemistry of chlorine at Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire, USA. Biogeochemistry. 72:191-232.

    Bailey, SW, Horsley SB, and Long RP. 2005. Response to “Comments on ‘Thirty years of change in forest soils of the Allegheny Plateau, Pennsylvania.’” Soil Science Society of America Journal. 69:2077-2078.

    Bailey, SW, Horsley SB, and Long RP. 2005. Thirty years of change in forest soils of the Allegheny Plateau, Pennsylvania. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 69:681-690.

    Likens GE, Buso DC, Dresser B, Bernhardt ES, Hall RO, Macneale KH, and Bailey SW. Sept 2004. Buffering an acidic stream in New Hampshire with a silicate mineral. Restoration Ecology. 12:419-428.

    Bailey SW, Horsley SB, Long RP, and Hallett RA. 2004. Influence of edaphic factors on sugar maple nutrition on the Allegheny Plateau. Soil Science Society of America Journal. 68:243-252.

    Bailey, S. W., B. Mayer and M. J. Mitchell. 2004. The influence of mineral weathering on drainage water sulfate in the northeastern United States. Hydrological Processes 18:1639-1653.

    Bailey SW, Likens GE, and Buso DC. 2003. Implications of sodium mass balance for interpreting the calcium cycle of a forested ecosystem. Ecology. 84:471-484.

    Likens GE, Driscoll CT, Buso DC, Mitchell MJ, Lovett GM, Bailey SW, Siccama TG, Reiners WA, Alewell C. 2002. The biogeochemistry of sulfur at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochemistry. 60:235-316.

    Horsley SB, Long RP, Bailey SW, Hallett RA, Wargo PM. 2002. Health of eastern North American sugar maple forests and factors affecting decline. 2002. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry. 19:34-44.

    Mitchell MJ, Mayer B, Bailey SW, Hornbeck JW, Alewell C, Driscoll CT, Likens GE. 2001. Discrepancies in sulfur mass balances at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest: Use of stable isotopes for evaluating sulfur sources and sinks. Water Air and Soil Pollution 130:75-86.

    Horsley SB, Long RP, Bailey SW, Hallett RA, and Hall TJ. 2000. Factors associated with decline-disease of sugar maple on the Allegheny Plateau. Can. J. For. Res. 30:1365-1378.

    Bailey SW. 2000. Ecological setting of the northern forest – geologic and edaphic factors influencing susceptibilty to environmental change. In Birdsey R, Hom J and Mickler R (eds) Responses of Northern US Forests to Environmental Change. Springer-Verlag Ecological Studies Series 139: 27-49.

    Likens GE, Driscoll CT, Buso DC, Siccama TG, Johnson CE, Lovett GM, Fahey TJ, Reiners WA, Ryan DF, Martin CW and Bailey SW. 1998. The biogeochemistry of calcium at Hubbard Brook. Biogeochem. 41:89-173.

    Hyman ME, Johnson CE, Bailey SW, April RH, and Hornbeck JW. 1998. Chemical weathering and cation loss in a base-poor watershed. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 110:85-95.

    Lawrence, GB, David MB, Bailey SW, Shortle WC. 1997. Assessment of soil calcium status in red spruce forests of the northeastern United States. Biogeochemistry 38:19-39.

    Hornbeck JW, Bailey SW, Buso DC, and Shanley JB. 1997. Streamwater chemistry and nutrient budgets for forested watersheds in New England: variability and management implications. Forest Ecology and Management 93:73-89.

    Co-Authors and Collaborators:
    P.A. Brousseau; T.D Bullen; D.C. Buso; D.J. Conley; C.V. Cogbill; C.T. Driscoll; R.A. Hallett; S.W. Horsley; C.E. Johnson; G.B. Lawrence; G.E Likens; R.P. Long; B. Mayer; M.J. Mitchell; D. S. Ross; L. Saccone; J.B. Shanley; M.A. Zimmer

    Graduate Students:
    C. Ellis, R.A. Colter, O. Bartlett

    Role at the Hubbard Brook:
    Chair, Research Approval Committee

    Title at Hubbard Brook:
    Principal Investigator