Lindsey E. Rustad

US Forest Service
35 Crystal Lane
Cumberland, Maine 04021
Telephone: 207 829 6817
FAX: 207 829 6817


Ph.D., University of Maine, Plant Science, 1988
M.F.S., Yale School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Forest Science, 1983
B.A., Cornell University, Philosophy, 1980

Professional Positions:
  • Forest Ecologist, 1997 – Present, US Forest Service, Durham, New Hampshire
  • Research Associate Professor, 1997 – Present, Dept. of Plant, Soil, and Environmental Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, Maine

  • Research Interests and Activities:
    Forest ecology, forest soils, nutrient cycling, acidic deposition, global climate change

    Distinguished Awards and Memberships:
    Ecological Society of America; Soil Science Society of America

    Selected Publications:

    Smithwick, E.; Eissenstat, D.; Lovett, G.M.; Bowden, R.; Rustad, L.; Driscoll, C.. Root Stress and Nitrogen Deposition: Consequences and Research Priorities. In Press. New Phytologist
    Crowley, K.F.; McNeil, B.E.; Lovett, G.M.; Canham, C.D.; Driscoll, C.T.; Rustad, L.E.; Denny, E.; Hallett, R.A.; Arthur, M.A.; Boggs, J.L.; Compton, J.E.; Goodale, C.L.; Kahl, J.S.; McNulty, S.G.; Ollinger, S.V.; Pardo, L.H.; Schaberg, P.G.; Stoddard, J.L.; Weand, M.P.; Weathers, K.C. 2012. Do nutrient limitation patterns shift from nitrogen toward phosphorus with increasing nitrogen deposition across the northeastern United States? Ecosystems 15:940-957.
    Fatemi, F.; Fernandez, I.; Szillery, J.; Norton, S.A.; and Rustad, L.E.. Soil Solution Chemical Response to Two Decades of Experimental Acidification at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 2012, DOI: 10.1007/s11270-012-1348-5.
    Groffman, Peter M.; Rustad, Lindsey E.; Templer, Pamela H.; Campbell, John L.; Christenson, Lynn M.; Lany, Nina K.; Socci, Anne M.; Vadeboncoeur, Matthew A.; Schaberg, Paul G.; Wilson, Geoff F.; Driscoll, Charles T.; Fahey, Timothy J.; Fisk, Melany C.; Goodale, Christine L.; Green, Mark B. Hamburg, Steven P.; Johnson, ChristopherE.;. Mitchell, Myron J.; Morse, Jennifer L.; Pardo, Linda H.; Rodenhouse, Nicholas L. Long-Term Integrated Studies Show That Climate Change Effects are Manifest in Complex and Surprising Ways in the Northern Hardwood Forest . BioScience
    Rustad, L; Campbell, J.; Dukes, J.S.; Huntington, T.; Lambert, K.F.; Mohan, J.; Rodenhouse, N. 2012. Changing climate, changing forests: The impacts of climate change on forests of the northeastern United States and eastern Canada. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS-99. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 48 p.
    Rustad, L.E., and Campbell, J.L. 2012. A novel ice storm manipulation experiment in a northern hardwood forest ecosystem. Canadian Journal of Forest Resources, 35:1402-1410.
    Campbell, J.L., L. Rustad, E. Boyer, E.W.; Christopher, S.F.; Driscoll, C.T.; Fernandez, I.J.; Groffman, P.M.; Houle, D.; Kiekbusch, J.; Magill, A.H.; Mitchell, M.J.; Ollinger, S.V.  2009. Consequences of climate change for biogeochemical cycling in forests of northeastern North America. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: 264-284.
    Rustad, L., J. Campbell, R. Cox, J. Dukes, T.G. Huntington, A. Magill, A. Richardson, J. Mohan, J. Pontius, N.L. Rodenhouse, and M.R. Watson.  2009. NE Forests 2100: A synthesis of climate change impacts on forests of the northeastern US and eastern Canada. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 39: V-VII.
    Luo,Y. G. Dieter, G. le Maire, W. Parton, E. Weng, X. Zhou, C. Keough, C. Beier, W. Cramer, J. Dukes, B. Emmett, P. Hanson, A. Knapp, S. Linder, D. Nepstad, and L. Rustad. 2008. Modeled interactive effects of precipitation, temperature and [CO2] on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones. Global Change Biology. 14: 1986-1999.
    Pendall, E., L.E. Rustad, and J. Schimel. 2008. Towards a Predictive Understanding of Belowground Process Responses to Climate Change: Have we moved any closer? Functional Ecology 22: 937–940.
    Rustad, LE. 2008. The Response of Terrestrial Ecosystems to Global Climate Change: Towards an Integrated Approach. Science of the Total Environment 404: 222-235.
    Fernandez, I.J., J.E. Karem, S.A. Norton and L.E. Rustad. Temperature, soil moisture, and stream flow at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine. 2007. Maine Agriculture and Experiment Station Technical Bulletin 196, University of Maine, Orono, Maine, pp. 26
    Gerten, Dieter, Luo, Yiqi, Le Maire, Guerric, Parton, William J., Keough, Cindy, Weng, Ensheng, Beier, Claus, Ciais, Philippe, Cramer, Wolfgang, Dukes, Jeffery S., Emmett, Bridget, Hanson, Paul J., Knapp, Alan, Linder, Sune, Nepstad, Dan, and Rustad, Lindsey E.  2007. Modelled effects of precipitation on ecosystem carbon and water dynamics in different climatic zones.  Global Change Biology 14: 2365-2379.
    Lovett, G.M., D.A. Burns, C.T. Driscoll, J.C. Jenkins, M.J. Mitchell, L. Rustad, J.B. Shanley, G.E. Likens, and R. Haeuber. 2007. Who needs environmental monitoring? Front. Ecol. Environ. 5(5) :253–260.
    Norby RJ, Rustad LE, Dukes JS, Ojima DS, Parton WJ, Del Grosso SJ, McMurtrie RE, Pepper DA. 2007. Ecosystem responses to warming and interacting global change factors. Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 213-219
    McNulty, S.. J. Boggs, J.Aber, L.Rustad, and A. Magill. Red spruce ecosystem changes after 14 years of chronic N fertilization. 2006. Forest Ecology and Management 219: 279-291.
    Rustad, L.E. From Transient to Steady State Response of Ecosystems to Atmospheric CO2-Enrichment and Global Climate Change. 2006. Plant Ecology 182: 43-62.
    Rustad, L.E.. NE Forest 2100: A Synthesis of Climate Change Research on Northern Forest Ecosystems. New England Society of American Foresters Quarterly News Letter, Fall, 2006. (Invited).
    Rustad, L.E. From Transient to Steady State Response of Ecosystems to Atmospheric CO2-Enrichment and Global Climate Change. Plant Ecology 182: 43-62.

    McNulty, S.. J. Boggs, J.Aber, L.Rustad, and A. Magill. Red spruce ecosystem changes after 14 years of chronic N fertilization. 2006. Forest Ecology and Management 219: 279-291.

    Norby, R.J., L.E. Rustad, J.S. Dukes, D.S. Ojima, W.P. Parton, S. J. Del Grosso, E.E. McMurtrie, and D.A. Pepper. 2006. Ecosystem Responses to Warming and Interacting Global Change Factors. Terrestrial Ecosystems in A Changing World. Springer-Verlag.

    Jefts, S, I.J. Fernandez, L.E. Rustad, and D.B. Dail. 2004. Decadal responses in soil N dynamics at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine, USA. Forest Ecology and Management. 189: 189-205.

    Fernandez, Ivan J., Lindsey E. Rustad, Stephen A. Norton, J. Stephen Kahl and Bernard J. Cosby. 2003. Experimental acidification causes soil base cation depletion in a New England forested watershed. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 67:1909-1919.

    Rustad, L.E. and R.J. Norby. 2002. Effects of Increased Temperature on Terrestrial cosystems. In: (eds) Mooney, H.A. and J. Canadell, Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume Two: Biological and Ecological Dimensions of Global Environmental Change. Pp. 575-581. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, 2002.

    Rustad, L.E. 2001. A Matter of Time on the Prairie. News and Views, Nature 413: 578-579

    Rustad, L.E., J. Campbell, G.M. Marion, R.J. Norby, M.J. Mitchell, A.E. Hartley, J. H.C. Cornelissen, J. Gurevitch, GCTE-NEWS. 2001. A Meta-analysis of the response of soil respiration, net N mineralization, and aboveground plant growth to experimental ecosystem warming. Oecologia 126: 543-562.

    Rustad, L.E., J.M.Melillo, M.J. Mitchell, I. J. Fernandez, P. A. Steudler, and P. J. McHale. 2000. Effects of soil warming on C and N cycling in Northern U.S. forest soils. In: Mickler, R., R. Birdsey, and J. Hom (eds.).pp.357-381. Responses of Northern U.S. Forests to Environmental Change. Springer-Verlag New York Inc.

    Rustad, L.E., T.G. Huntington, and R.D. Boone. 2000. Controls on soil respiration: implications for climate change. Biogeochemistry 48: 1-6

    Aber, J., W. McDowell, K. Nadelhoffer, A. Magill, G. Berntson, M. Kamekea, S. McNulty, W. Currie, L. Rustad, I. Fernandez. 1998. Nitrogen saturation in temperate forest ecosystems: hypotheses revisited.

    Rustad, L.E. and I.J. Fernandez. 1998. Soil warming: consequences for litter decay in a spruce-fir forest ecosystem in Maine. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 62: 1072-1081.

    Rustad, L.E. and I.J. Fernandez. 1998. Experimental soil warming effects on CO2 and CH4 flux from a low elevation spruce fir forest soil in Maine, USA. Global Change Biology 4: 597-607.

    Rustad, L.E., I.J. Fernandez, M.B. David, M.J. Mitchell, K.J. Nadelhoffer, and R.D. Fuller. 1996. Experimental soil acidification and recovery at the Bear Brook Watershed in Maine (BBWM), USA. Soil Sci.Soc. Am. J. 60: 1926-1933.

    Rustad, L.E. and Cronan, C.S. 1995. Biogeochemical cycling of aluminum in a red spruce stand in central Maine, USA. Biogeochem. 29: 107-129.

    Rustad, L.E. 1994. Element dynamics along a decay continuum in a red spruce ecosystem in Maine, USA. Ecology 75: 867-879.

    Rustad, L.E., J.S. Kahl, S.A. Norton, and I.J. Fernandez. 1994. Underestimation of dry deposition by throughfall in mixed northern hardwood forests. J. of Hydrology 16: 319-336

    Rustad, L.E., I.J. Fernandez, R.D. Fuller, M.B. David, and W.A. Halteman. 1993. Soil solution response to acidic deposition in a northern hardwood forest. Agric., Ecosystems, and Environ. 47: 117-134.

    Rustad, L. E. and C.S. Cronan. 1989. Cycling of aluminum and nutrients in litterfall of a red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) stand in Maine. Can. J. For. Res. 19: 18-23.

    Rustad, L.E. and C.S. Cronan. 1988. Element loss and retention during litter decay in a red spruce stand in Maine. Can. J. For. Res. 18: 947-953.

    Co-Authors and Collaborators:
    J. Aber (UNH) R.D. Fuller (SUNY Plattsburg) S. McNulty (USFS) M.B. Adams (USFS) J. Gurevitch (SUNY Stonybrook) J.M.Melillo (MBL) S. Arnold (Umaine) John Harte (Stanford) M.J. Mitchell (SUNY Syracuse) R. Boone (U. Alaska) T. Haines (U.Maine) K.J. Nadelhoffer (U. Michigan) J. Campbell (USFS) M. Handley (U. Maine) R. Norby (TVA) J.Canadell (CSIRO) T. Huntington (USGS) S.A. Norton (U. Maine) J.H.C. Cornelissen (RISO, DK) J.S. Kahl (U.Maine) L. Pitelka (Appalacian Lab.) W. Currie (U. Michigan) A. Magill (UNH) J. Scofield (U. Maine( M.David (U. Ill.) G. Marion (DRI) P. A. Steudler (MBL) H. Erickson (EPA) W. McDowell (UNH) L.M. Zibilske (U. Maine) I.J. Fernandez (U. Maine) P. J. McHale (SUNY Syracuse)

    Graduate Advisor:
    Garth Vogt, Chris Cronan

    Role at the Hubbard Brook:
    Forest Service

    Title at Hubbard Brook:
    Principal Investigator